General Information of Israel:
- Capital City: Jerusalem
- Time Zone: (GMT + 3)
- Area: 20,770 km ²
- Population: 5 lakhs (2016)
Emergency Phone Number:
- Police: 100
- Emergency Medical Services: 101
- Fire Department: 102
- United Hatzalah: 1221 (Volunteer-based emergency medical services)
Israel is situated in the Middle East along the eastern coastline of the Mediterranean Sea. The country is bordered by Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, the Gaza Strip, Jordan, Egypt, and the West Bank.
Long and narrow in shape, Israel is about 290 miles (470 km) in length and 85 miles (135 km) in width at its widest point.
Hebrew is the official language of Israel while Arabic is widely used by the Arab minority. And English is the most commonly used foreign language in the country.
The majority of Israeli people practice Judaism, which accounts for 74.8% of the Israeli population. Islam is the second most prevalent religion at 17.6%. Christianity, Druze, and other religions comprise 8.4% of the population.
Israel’s culture is deeply rooted in the Jewish religion. In this country, there are so many Jewish immigrants from several different countries. As a result, Israel has a dynamic, creative and diverse culture. The holidays and festivals are all based on the Hebrew calendar.
Agriculture in Israel is a highly developed industry. Israel is able to grow a wide range of crops including wheat, corn, sorghum, barley, dates, and notes due to advanced methods of technology despite the fact that the geography of Israel is not naturally conducive to agriculture. More than half of the land area is desert, and the climate and lack of water resources do not favor farming. Only 20% of the land area is naturally arable.
Israeli cuisine usually follows kosher protocols, due to the Jewish culture and religion. As a result, pork, shellfish, eggs, and milk are prohibited. Hummus, tahini, shawarma, pita bread, kebabs, and falafel are some of the most commonly enjoyed foods in Israel.
Israel has one major International Airport named as “Ben Gurion Airport” which is situated in the center of the country, just off the highway connecting Tel Aviv and Jerusalem. There are taxi services just outside the airport’s main gate, a regular bus service and also direct or connecting trains between the airport and all other cities of Israel.
Modes of Traveling In Israel:
Since Israel is a small country, getting around here is quite easy, fast, and convenient. Following are the modes of traveling in Israel:
The main form of public transportation in Israel is a bus. You can buy tickets at any city’s central bus station or directly from the driver. Mind it, most of the buses don’t operate in Israel on Saturdays (Shabbat).
Taxis are common in Israel for urban and interurban travel and can be booked easily via phone or designated international apps.
The Israel Railway is an affordable way to travel to every destination in the country. Please note that the trains also don’t operate on Saturdays (Shabbat).